Personality disorders are a group of mental health disorders that affect a person's ability to function in daily life. People with personality disorders experience problems in different areas of their lives, such as their relationships and work.
Some personality disorders are caused by a combination of genetics and environmental factors. In addition, some people develop personality disorders at a young age. These disorders are difficult to treat. However, treatment can be helpful.
OCD, also known as an obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, is a condition where a person has an intense need for control. Antisocial personality disorder also referred to as ASPD, is a type of behavior that is out of character for the person.
Continue reading if you want to know more about the different types of personality disorders.
What Is Personality Disorder?
A personality disorder is a mental illness that affects the emotions and behavior of individuals. People with PD are often unable to recognize their problems or change their behavior and may find themselves confused by the actions of others. They are also likely to create conflict in settings that most people would be able to handle easily.
Symptoms of PD include a lack of appropriate emotions, a rigid interpretation of the external world, and the development of maladaptive patterns of emotional expression, cognition, and behavior. The condition is usually diagnosed by a psychiatrist, who will conduct an interview based on a mental status examination and observations by others.
PD is caused by a number of factors, including genetics and environment
. Those with a personality disorder may have a history of abuse, neglect, or other emotional trauma.
Types of Personality Disorders
Paranoid Personality Disorder
A paranoid personality disorder
is a mental condition characterized by persistent or exaggerated negative feelings about others, such as a sense of being under attack. Some people suffering from paranoia also have other mental disorders, such as depression or bipolar disorder. People who suffer from paranoid personality disorder are often unable to trust other people and have trouble building relationships. They may be suspicious and appear to be aloof. Treatment for this personality disorder centers on therapy and medication.
Schizotypal Personality Disorder
A schizotypal personality disorder is an illness that is characterized by unusual thinking and behavior. People who have STPD may have difficulties with socialization and forming close relationships. They can also have strange speech habits. In order to diagnose a schizotypal personality disorder, a mental health professional will conduct a thorough interview. There are a variety of treatments for schizotypal personality disorder. The most common is psychotherapy.
Schizoid Personality Disorder
A schizoid personality disorder is a type of personality disorder characterized by extreme detachment from social relationships. People with this disorder experience emotional detachment and lack empathy or compassion toward others. It can make social interactions burdensome and difficult. Patients with this disorder often avoid social situations, choosing solitary activities and jobs. Eventually, the patient may develop a small social network. The patient can also be very introspective.
Antisocial Personality Disorder
An antisocial personality disorder is a type of personality disorder characterized by a pattern of socially irresponsible behavior. People with antisocial personality disorder are under assumption of being irresponsible, with no regard for the rights of others. They are likely to engage in risky behaviors, such as drug and alcohol abuse, violence, and theft. Some experts believe that childhood trauma plays a role in the development of antisocial personality disorder.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder
A narcissistic personality disorder is a mental illness characterized by inflated self-esteem, an excessive need for admiration, and a lack of empathy for others. It can cause significant damage to relationships, including family, work, and friendships. Treatment for narcissism usually involves talk therapy. People with a narcissistic personality disorder may find it difficult to accept treatment, and they may also have problems managing the symptoms of the disorder.
Borderline Personality Disorder
A borderline personality disorder is a type of mental illness due to intense emotions and unstable interpersonal relationships. People suffering from this condition tend to be impulsive and often engage in self-destructive behaviors. They may also be a threat to themselves and others. A borderline personality disorder is a disorder that affects people with varying degrees of severity. Treatment is usually through talk therapy.
Histrionic Personality Disorder
You can characterize a histrionic personality disorder by excessive emotionality and dramatic behavior. People with this disorder may have problems with relationships, social interaction, and job performance. In addition, individuals with HPD are at a higher risk of developing depression and substance abuse. Moreover, the disorder is most common among women. Fortunately, the condition is treatable with talk therapy and medication.
Dependent Personality Disorder
A dependent personality disorder is a long-term psychological condition. People who suffer from this condition have a pervasive need for attention and care. They may avoid basic responsibilities or become extremely passive. You often inherit a dependent personality disorder. Men and women who had parents who were authoritarian or who lacked parental guidance have an increased risk of developing the condition.
Avoidant Personality Disorder
An avoidant personality disorder is a mental illness that affects men and women of any age. You can characterize it by extreme fear of social interactions, a preoccupation with rejection, and a poor sense of self. Symptoms can be noticeable during childhood and adolescence. In addition, avoidant people often experience anxiety and depression.
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
An obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is a mental health condition via a preoccupation with order and perfection. The disorder affects about 7.8% of the population
. People with OCPD may suffer from anxiety disorders, panic disorders, generalized anxiety disorder, and borderline personality disorder.
Treatment for Personality Disorders
Several different types of treatment are available for a person with a personality disorder. It is important to work with a mental health professional who understands how to treat the condition.
Treatment for a personality disorder typically involves talk therapy. During therapy, the patient discusses how he or she feels and how the symptoms of the disorder are impacting their daily life. The patient will also learn how to manage his or her behaviors.
is another type of treatment that is often recommended for a person with a personality disorder. This therapy is also to help the patient develop healthier relationships with others.
A personality disorder is a mental health condition that affects a person's thoughts and behaviors. These disorders can cause a range of negative emotions, such as anger and anxiety, as well as interfere with relationships. There are different types of personality disorders, and each varies in symptoms. While these problems are difficult to manage or control, there are various treatment options available, like talk therapy, psychotherapy, and medicine. Moreover, a mental health professional can determine the best kind of therapy for the patient.