The FX market is the most liquid trading platform in the world since the community views money as a liquid asset. The daily volume of forex trading is close to $7 billion, which enables dealers to purchase and sell assets immediately. On the other side, liquidity providers are critical to market participants' success. What are their functions and concepts of operation?

Who are liquidity providers? A dive into their responsibilities

Let us first define what a Forex liquidity provider is from a broker's perspective. The market is very competitive due to the presence of more than 3000 brokerage firms. Brokers must provide traders with the finest circumstances possible, including rapid order execution.

When a broker does not work with liquidity providers, the order book is limited to bid and ask transactions entered by registered traders. Occasionally, the book may be unable to execute traders' orders. For instance, a trader wishes to purchase 50 units of the GBP/CHF pair with quotations 1.27153. Meanwhile, the order book includes a bid order for 25 units in accordance with the quoted prices. By 1.27155, 15 more units will be available, while 1.27159 will provide ten further units. As a result, merchants were forced to purchase a currency at a premium to its market value.

While such a scenario is improbable when discussing the most liquid trading pairs, traders make use of the market's full potential.

If we consider liquidity providers, these firms link brokers to the world's largest banks, hedge funds, and other institutional investors. Eventually, a broker's order book accumulates numerous bid and ask prices for various trading pairings. Traders are able to get their orders executed quickly via the use of necessary quotations.

The difference between market-makers and liquidity providers

The Market makers term is sometimes used to refer to Forex liquidity providers.

Market makers may include both large corporations and small individual brokerage companies. The broker serves as the market maker when he does not utilize the services of a liquidity provider. The broker connects traders who submit bid and ask orders in a single transaction. The term "B-book broker" refers to this kind of broker in the Forex market. 

The "A-book" idea sees liquidity providers acting as intermediates between brokers and essential players like banks and hedge funds. In this model, these institutions operate as market makers, and brokers serve as market makers in return.

This means that a market-maker is in charge of an order book that is filled with ask and bid transactions and acts as a Forex feed provider, while liquidity providers are businesses that link brokers to market makers.

The A-book model is less profitable than the B-book model, but market players view it more favorably. A liquidity provider’s profits may skyrocket if brokers strategically recruit active traders and develop innovative trading tools. 

Liquidity providers and market makers fulfill the same tasks. Thus forex brokers must examine the operational and regulatory elements of each when selecting a model.

In general, market participants may be split into two categories: Tier 1 or institutional market makers (which include the biggest banks and institutions) and smaller individual players that cater to newbie brokers and private traders.

Why is liquidity critical for brokers?

Forex experts see the following features of high liquidity as critical advantages:

1. Spread is approaching zero. When liquidity is scarce, the spread between ask and bid prices widens, which is why traders incur losses.
2. Price fluctuation. This occurs when a broker cannot execute an order at the market price, and traders want their orders to be executed higher or lower.
3. Gaps. Due to the detrimental impact of low liquidity, a gap of one or more pips exists between a row of quotations.

A reputable broker liquidity provider eliminates these obstacles, but how can novices choose the best option? B2Broker is an innovative and time-tested firm that will assist you in growing your brokerage business. Select the most competitive market liquidity provider that assures no spread, 1% margin requirements, and access to Tier-1 market makers.