People trust and use fiat currencies because they know that money is printed and supplied by the central authority. No doubt, people have also started trusting cryptocurrencies in this digital era, but in cryptocurrencies, trust depends on blockchain technology. When you go to retail stores or online stores and do transactions with fiat currencies, in this case, you are relying on the central authority. If you are interested in trading bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies, you must check 

You have a surety that it is fiat currency is backed by a central authority. The government institutions serve as a mediator that decides the worth of the currency. Both the buyers and sellers trust the currency and rely on it that its value will sustain after completing a transaction. Here in this article, we will understand the differences between fiat currencies and digital currencies like bitcoin.

What is fiat currency?

Fiat currency is a currency that is issued and regulated by the government and central authorities like banks. Fiat currencies are legal tender, and its value is derived from the demand and supply of it in the market. Because the government backs these currencies, there is a word of the government. Still, these currencies are at risk always of getting worthless if a situation of hyperinflation occurs in the market.

What is a cryptocurrency?

A cryptocurrency is a subset of digital currency that follows the peer-to-peer system and acts as a medium of exchange. The cryptocurrencies are virtual in nature, and the transactions are done over the internet. The transactions are verified by miners who are the main members of the bitcoin community.

Bitcoin is one of the most popular cryptocurrencies that is based on blockchain technology for its work. The transactions of bitcoin are recorded in the blockchain, which is a distributed public ledger. It uses cryptographic principles that ensure no one can manipulate the data or transactions. 

Differences between Fiat currency and Cryptocurrency


The government issues fiat currencies, and central authorities regulate these. The government prints the fiat currencies whenever required and control its supply in the market, which changes its value from time to time. Cryptocurrencies like bitcoin are digital assets that are completely decentralized in nature and do not involve the government to control or govern them.  

Bitcoin is a medium of exchange, and no central authority has an influence on the supply of value. Because it doesn't involve government, due to these reasons, cryptocurrencies like bitcoin are banned in some countries. Also, many illegal activities like money laundering and illegal drugs are carried out with bitcoin because no government is involved.

Exchange feature

Cryptocurrencies are virtual because they are basically software and created by special computers and are in the form of source code. Because they don't have any physical appearance, they are stored physically, and the exchange carried out is purely digital. On the other hand, fiat currencies exist in both forms, physical and digital. In this digital era, electronic payment systems have been developed that allow users to transfer money digitally. It allows people to transfer money online to anyone and anywhere. 


Cryptocurrencies are digital, and therefore you can't have a physical sense of currency that is based on the internet. Every transaction is carried out online because bitcoins are virtual coins. On the other hand, fiat currencies are physical, and their existence in both forms as notes and coins. Because fiat currency has a physical aspect, so it has many challenges as a currency, and people cannot move around carrying a lot of money.


The main thing that distinguishes between cryptocurrency and fiat currency is its supply. Fiat currencies are printed by the government whenever required, and therefore it has an unlimited supply. On the other hand, cryptocurrencies are created by computers are in the form of source code.

So the supply of cryptocurrencies is limited. There is a finite supply of bitcoin, i.e., 21 million. In the case of fiat currency, it is difficult to estimate the money that is in circulation, but because the supply of cryptocurrencies is limited, it is estimated to tell money in circulation.