One of the most expensive components of a battery is often the cathode, if its made of cobalt or precious metal. Swedish scientists may have discovered a way to replace pricy metal cathodes with a goopy byproduct of paper processing known as "brown liquor".
That is the result of the sulfite process for producing wood pulp. The brown sludge is a mix of spent chemicals, lignin and hemicellulose, gathered from a process where its extracted from wood chips bathed in sulfurous acid in pressure vessels. It is burned to generate steam in the paper mill. It also makes good low cost cathodes as well.
Olle Inganas, Professor of Biomolecular and Organic Electronics at Linköping University in Sweden, and Grzegorz Milczarek, a researcher at Poznań University of Technology in Poland made discovery which was published today in the journal Science.
"Nature solved the problem long ago," Inganas is quoted in a University article. The photosynthetic process is the inspiration for the discovery. It is primarily broken down lignin, part of the cell wall, and lignin can be further broken down into quizones, electrically conductive molecules that transport electrons during photosynthesis.
The research team created an inexpensive cathode with quizones carrying electrons across the semi permeable membrane capable of holding a charge. At current, the prototype continually discharges when idle, and running down in a matter of hours.
At times you come across situations when you have to write letters. These letters can be both formal as well as informal. There is also a possibility that you have to write a semi -formal letter. All these letters have their own fixed rules and format to be followed. Read more
Virtual reality was once a pipe dream. For many, the idea of putting on a device and hopping into a brand new world was an experience reserved only for science fiction heroes. Even those that thought the technology would one day become available only dreamed of a distant future where it was accessible by the world's richest consumers. Read more
Uber is one of the most popular and highly reputed cab services. This is getting better and better which means that the drivers have bigger responsibility as well. There are so many people who think that purchasing Uber Insurance is all they will need to do in order to avail the advantage of insurance but this is not the fact. Read more