Inexperienced Prostitutes Most At Risk Of Sexual Infections
Apr 21, 2009 16:26
Cambodian sex workers sit in a meeting room for protest in Phnom Penh,
Cambodia, in June 2008. About 200 Cambodian sex workers protested Wednesday
against a police crackdown on prostitution and alleged that some of
them had been physically and sexually abused in custody.
Less experienced prostitutes are more likely to have sexually transmitted infections (STIs). A study of more than a thousand female sex workers in Cambodia, reported in the open access journal BMC Infectious Diseases, has shown that girls who were new to the sex industry were twice as likely to have gonorrhoea or chlamydia.
Heng Sopheab from the University of Bergen, Norway, and the National Center for HIV/AIDS, Dermatology and STDs, Cambodia, led a team of researchers who investigated the prevalence of STIs and the health behaviour of female sex workers in the popular tourist destination of Cambodia. He said, "Of the women we studied, 60% were new workers, having been selling sex for less than a year. Prevalence of gonorrhoea, chlamydia, or any STI was higher among these new workers; overall they were 2.1 times more likely to be infected than more experienced women".
The overall STI prevalence in the Cambodian workers was 2.3% for syphillis, 13.0% for gonorrhoea and 14.4% for chlamydia. This is the first time that the association between STI prevalence and recent entry into the sex trade has been studied in Cambodia. The obvious explanation is that newer workers are more likely to engage in high-risk behaviour because they lack prevention information, are unaware of STI services and are less skilled and experienced in negotiating safer sex with clients. However, according to Sopheab, "Our analysis did not reveal any significant differences between new and longer-working women in terms of socio-demographic characteristics and risk behaviours that might explain the significant difference in prevalence of STIs. Therefore, a biological difference between new and more experienced sex workers is one possible explanation".
In 2001, a nationwide government programme was implemented to encourage 100% condom usage within the Cambodian sex industry. The authors found that despite the implementation this programme, STI prevalence remains comparable to the 2001 estimates. As well as a large proportion of women who reported having unprotected sex with non-commercial partners, there was limited coverage and weaknesses in implementation of the policy. The authors conclude, "This is likely to have contributed to the sustained high prevalence of STIs among sex workers in Cambodia. The 100% condom-use policy should be carefully evaluated, particularly in terms of human resource capacity, sustainable intensity, quality, and coverage".
Dreadlocks seem to be an evergreen hairstyle, especially for men. With a history dating back to 2500 BCE and strong cultural heritage, dreads are still popular in 2017. This hairstyle also has an impact in pop-culture. It was brought into mainstream by Bob Marley and through the years it was sported by many legendary icons such as Busta Rhymes, Stevie Wonder, Malcolm-Jamal Warner or Wiz Khalifa. Read more
If you’re the kind of girl/guy who loves long bike rides, then a cycling vacation must be an amazing adventure! Just the thought of visiting cities and seeing amazing landscapes while you do your most favorite activity in the whole world must be extremely exciting! Read more
One of the most important ingredients to success in the field of business today is mobile applications. Over the span of last few years, internet activity has sky rocketed on mobile devices like tablets and smart phones, in comparison to the traditional desktops and laptops. Read more