The self motivation and discipline that makes someone a great athlete can, unfortunately, predispose some athletes to eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa. People with anorexia tend to have a profoundly distorted body image and believe they are overweight despite extreme weight loss. They may lose 15 to 60 percent of their normal body weight by severely restricting their food intake or exercising excessively.
Athletes with anorexia are often dedicated to strict training and dietary guidelines which make it relatively easy for them to hide an eating disorder. They often use training schedules, competition, travel or any number of excuses not to eat. Initially this weight reduction may help their athletic performance, however, over time this continued starvation will lead to a variety of health problems.
Health Complications from Anorexia Anorexia poses life-threatening complications for athletes, including:
o Malnutrition. o Abnormal Heart Rhythms (arrhythmias and bradycardia) o Low Blood Pressure. o Dehydration o Electrolyte Imbalances o Amenorrhea (interruption of the menstrual cycle) o Osteoporosis (decreased bone mass) o Sleep disorders
Signs and Symptoms of Anorexia o Excessive weight loss o Always thinking about food, calories, and body weight o Wearing layered clothing o Mood swings or depression o Inappropriate use of laxatives, enemas, or diuretics in order to lose weight o Avoiding activities that involve food
Eating Disorder Treatment Eating disorders in an athlete are serious and can become life-threatening if left untreated. Anorexia is a serious health concern that generally requires someone close to the athlete--a coach, teammate or family member to recognize the warning signs and seek professional help. Identifying the type of eating disorder is essential to get the right help. About.com's guide to eating disorders offers the following advice for anyone seeking treatment and recovery from an eating disorder.
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