Google Chrome adds a full set of mouse gestures for the development releases of Chrome. You've got switch to the development channel to modify your Google Chrome shortcut to include the enable -extensions-parameter then to the download page to install the extension (crx link).

After you've installed the extension you can hold down the right mouse button and swipe the mouse left or right to navigate back and forward. A couple more things you can do with it are moving down, opening a new tab, search for a selected text. Hit the link for more details.