The third son of
Kronos and the brother of Zeus and Hades, he drew the seas as his domain to
rule. He was known also as the god of earthquakes and the god of horses. The
symbols most often associated with Poseidon were the trident and dolphin.
Sailors relied upon him for favorable winds and safe voyages, but he was moody.
Despite sacrifices including drowned horses, he could cause storms, bad winds,
and earthquakes at a whim. Like Zeus, he projected his power and masculinity on
women, fathering many children.
In a famous contest
between himself and Athena to decide which of the two would be the patron god
of Athens, he threw a spear into the ground to create the Spring of the
Acropolis. Athena surpassed him, cooperative as well. He greatly aided the
Greeks in the in the Trojan War, but took years of revenge on Odysseus, who had
harmed one of Poseidon’s Cyclops offspring.